Kyrgyzstan History

Introduction. During tours in the country you are recommended to know the history of Kyrgyzstan and we have decided to make a short introduction of it. We are glad to announce that in the course of a car for rent Bishkek tour in Kyrgyzstan you will find out a great amount of facts about the Kyrgyz people. Mainly it is said that the Kyrgyz never built houses, buildings, and castles as they were nomadic tribes and were going from one pasture to the other. All the information was going from generation to generation without written testimonies. During tours in Kyrgyzstan you can find out such an information that the people of Kyrgyzstan are known to have the history of 2000 years. And the first information about Kyrgyz was given in the Chinese notes in 201BC.

For you to travel in Kyrgyzstan without any complications we have decided to identify main periods of the Kyrgyz people:

Prehistory (1 million years ago - 1 000 BC).  Prehistory is said to be since   1 million years ago up to 1 000 BC. It is the time of the development of art and cultural life. Being in Kyrgyzstan you can travel to Rock Art Gallery in Cholpon Ata where it is possible to witness about 2000 images of various animals and everyday activities.

Ancient History (1 000 BC - 300 AD). Ancient History is said to be the period of 1 000 BC - 300 AD. You are recommended to travel in Kyrgyzstan rent cars as it is a great opportunity to find out more about the history of the people. First information was seen in the Chinese notes in 201BC. Sima Tan mentioned the Kyrgyz as the people trying to conquer the Hunnu. Then in the 1st century BC the other historian Ban Gu mentioned the Kyrgyz as the people who were living at the territory of the present Eastern Turkestan. Their state was said to be located there.

Turkic Era (500-1200). The period of 500-1200 is known as the Turkic Era and seems to be the time of migrations of the people from Altai mountains to the territory of Kyrgyzstan where you are travelling know. This is the period when the Kyrgyz Kaganate was first established. The establishment was on the river Yenisey and in 9-10th centuries there was the stretchening of the empire from the Irtysh River in the west to the Big Khingan range in the east, from the Angara and Selenga Rivers in the north to the Gobi Desert in the south.

The Mongol Rule (1200-1400). The Mongol Rule is known to be the period of 1200-1400 and it is the time when there were tragic events of the developed Turkic culture being taken and destroyed by Genghis Khan. This happened in 1207. Then in 12-15th centuries there was the time of the adoption of the religion Islam when the people started to be closer to the religion of Turkic and Arab traders.

Kyrgyz consolidation (1400-1800). In 1400-1800 there was Kyrgyz Consolidation between different tribes of the Kyrgyz people. In the course of a tour in Kyrgyzstan you can find out that in 15-19th centuries there was absence of the state of the Kyrgyz people. At the same time there was suggestion to create the only one tribe with the head but this idea failed and in the result there was created tribal system.

Russian Colonization (1770-1917). Russian Colonization is the time of 1770-1917 when the country where you travel now started to be the part of the Russian Empire. In the course of a tour in Kyrgyzstan you will find out that there were threats from southern tribes of the Kyrgyz, form China, Kokand and Kazakhs and that is why the north of the country asked for help and decided to be the part of the Empire. The south was taken by force. These events gave an opportunity for the system of territories to develop along with the development of agricultural economy.

Soviet Rule (1917-1991). During tours in Kyrgyzstan you can see that the Soviet Rule is the period of 1917-1991 when the Bolsheviks came and destroyed the developed culture of the Russian Empire at the territory of Kyrgyzstan. Along with it the people were promised to have no cases of exploitation and along with it they were given opportunities of development of art, culture, economy, education. It should be mentioned that the country of the Kyrgyz started to be the republic. But the disadvantage was seen in the prohibition of having any faith. Thousands of innocent people were killed due to Atheization, Collectivization and Cultural Revolution.

Independent Kyrgyzstan (since 1991). Since 1991 we can see that Independent Kyrgyzstan started its development. In the course of a tour in the country where there are national flag, emblem and anthem you can find out that in 1992 there was the case when Kyrgyzstan started to be the part of UN. Then in 1993 the country took the Constitution. In 2005 and 2010 there were revolutions when people asked for the president to leave his position. Kyrgyzstan was the country of instability.

Now it is possible to travel in Kyrgyzstan and organize any tours you want as the atmosphere is pleasant and hospitable. You can find the country of today as one of the best opportunities of tourism on the cars rent.